Thursday 3 p.m. to 8 p.m. Registration El Tropicano Hotel (Lobby)
5 p.m. to 10 p.m. Archives & Clubhouse (Open House) PAGA Clubhouse
6 p.m. to 9 p.m. Par Three Shoot Out San Pedro Driving Range
9:30 p.m. to noon Live Music PAGA Clubhouse
4. p.m. to 7 p.m. Committee & National Board Meeting El Tropicano Hotel
Friday 7 a.m. to 8 a.m. Delegates Breakfast El Tropicano Hotel (Mangos Restaurant)
8 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Delegates Meeting El Tropicano Hotel (Romeo & Juliet)
12:30 p.m. to 1 p.m. Delegates Lunch El Tropicano Hotel Romeo & Juliet
10 a.m. to 9 p.m. Registration El Tropicano Hotel (Bolivar A & B)
2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Hospitality (Chapter) El Tropicano (Bolivar A & B)
All Day Practice Round Golf All Golf Courses
7 p.m. – Noon Tee-Off Party (Live Music) PAGA Clubhouse 2300 Ave B
Saturday 7:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Hyatt Hill Country Golf
Silverhorn Golf Club of Texas
Willow Springs GC
10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Ladies Shopping Trip El Mercado Shopping (Buses El Tropicano)
2 p.m. to 4 p.m. Hospitality (Chapter) El Tropicano (Bolivar A & B)
6 p.m. to noon Dinner Awards Dance El Tropicano Hotel
Live Music with David Marez
David Marez (Coronado Ballroom
We have all heard of NAZI concentration camps. Sure!
It’s easy to put it out of our collective minds. It happened somewhere else, right? It first happened here in America. It’s something we don’t want to hear about.
I have driven many miles over the back roads of New Mexico. I have driven through Fort Sumner without thinking. Why is it a fort? For the tourist, Fort Sumner is where Billy the Kid was killed by the local sheriff. Billy the Kid’s grave is marked by a sign on the main road.
Just before one gets to Fort Sumner is a sign telling travelers that Bosque Redondo is to the left. I never thought anything about it. That is until I read about it. Then I had to visit it.
Here’s the story.
America acquired the New Mexico territory in 1848. A war had been going on in New Mexico for a hundred years. There were the Navajo tribes that were scattered out in western New Mexico and eastern Arizona. The Navajos had lived there for centuries. The Navajos were raiding villages and taking children. The Americans attempted to quell the Navajos with peace talks. But, it always came back to one thing. The Navajos believed the Spanish had taken their children. They wanted their families back. That was hotly denied by the Spanish.
America was in the middle of the Civil War in the 1860’s when they sent a general to the Southwest. His name was James H. Carlton. He enlisted the help of the local militia leader. That leader was the famed Christopher “Kit” Carson who lived in Taos.
They conducted a war, and a roundup. They marched the Navajos from the homes around Canyon de Chelly, Arizona, to the Pecos River in southeastern New Mexico. They named the site Bosque Redondo.
Historian L.R. Bailey documented the real reasons for the roundup. The publicly stated reason was to keep the route of gold from California to Washington to fund the Civil War. But documents reveal they believed that Navajo lands may have been rich in gold. Historians have documented the real reason for the Navajo War. It was slavery.
When the Spanish arrived in New Mexico, they needed workers on their ranchos. They mostly herded sheep. The labor was obtained from local pueblo peoples. Knowing the Spanish would pay for children, they brought children from neighboring tribes. Other Native Americans raided the Navajo settlements and took their children.
The records of these transactions were recorded in
the churches when the Spanish had the children baptized at the churches. They subsequently became known as Peons. When peace talks took place, the Navajos always wanted their children back.
The slave trade was ended by President Andrew Johnson in 1868 with an executive order forbidding Spanish peonage. That ended slavery in New Mexico. The Navajos were allowed to return to their homes in 1868. All that is left of Bosque Redondo are the foundations of the buildings housing the soldiers.
Sources: The Long Walk: A history of the Navajo Wars,
1846-1868, by L.R. Bailey, 1988, Westernlore Press, Tucson,Arizona.
Trails of Tears: American Indians Driven from their Lands by Jeanne Williams, 1992Hendrick-Long Publish- ing Co., Dallas, Texas.
Ranald Slidell MacKenzie: Brave Cavalry Colonel by J’Nell L. Pate, rst edition, 1994, Eakin Press, Austin, Texas.